Ways to prevent cervical cancer

cervical cancer

Cervical cancer develops slowly over a period of time. But prior to cancer appearing in the cervix, the cells of the cervix go through changes known as dysplasia, resulting in abnormal cells, which may begin to appear in the cervix, become cancer cells and start to grow and spread more deeply into the cervix and to surrounding areas. How can you prevent cervical cancer? It is observed that infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is almost always as certainly the causative agent of cervical cancer. But not every HPV-infected woman develops cervical cancer. There are certain strains of HPV that trigger cancer, and susceptible women who do not regularly have tests to detect HPV are at increased risk of cervical cancer. Similarly, women should get a Pap smear done to detect dysplasia. If one is looking for a best cancer hospital nearby HBR layout, Altius Hospitals has all the facilities for precise diagnosis. A vast majority of cervical cancers can be prevented by following the below detailed precautions.

Preventive steps

Pap Smear

This is one of the best ways to detect any changes at the cellular level. Many health check-up packages have included this in the list. Women under the age of 30 are advised to have Pap smears once every five years and those above 30 once in three years. However, if there is no past history of bleeding and in the case of patients who underwent total hysterectomy, Pap smear is not required above the age of 60. If you are at a higher risk, then your doctor may alter the schedule.

Usually, a Pap smear is done along with a pelvic exam, and in the case of women who are older than age 30, the Pap test may be conducted in combination with a test for human papillomavirus (HPV) – a common STD that can cause cervical cancer. In some cases, the HPV test alone may be done in lieu of a Pap smear. In case there is any suspicion of cancer, you might have to look for the best Gynaecologic Oncology services as the first step towards beginning the treatment.

Cervical screening

In case, Pap smear tests positive, further tests are advised. Cervical screening can identify abnormal changes in the cervix and can be done at an early stage with regular cervical screenings. Screening tests help detect cancer at an early stage and any infections likely to turn cancerous.

Those who have been vaccinated for HPV also have to undergo the screening tests because even the vaccination doesn’t guarantee protection of the individual from cervical cancer screenings; it can rationalise the false sense of security, if any. Do not take vaginal bleeding lightly. Talk to the doctor to identify the cause.


Risk of cervical cancer can be reduced considerably by vaccinating girls aged 12 years and above as a part of the immunization program. Three doses of HPV vaccination are administered over a period of 6 months.

The HPV vaccine protects against 4 stains of HPV, including the 2 strains that are known to be the cause of STD viz genital warts.

Though the vaccine can reduce the risk of cervical cancer, it doesn’t guarantee full protection.

Tobacco usage

With tobacco usage, the chances of being infected by cervical cancer are higher. Individuals who use tobacco in any form have a lesser chance of getting rid of HPV infection from their bodies, which later develops into cancer.

Safe sex

Multiple partners can enhance the chances of contracting STDs. HPVs, which are linked with cervical cancer, are known to spread during unprotected sex.

Cervical cancer treatment

If any of the above screening indicate positive, the next step would be to look for the best cancer care hospital in Bangalore, specifically with the best Gynaecologic Oncology care. Treatment for cervical cancer depends on upon many factors which include the stage of the disease, age and general health condition, and whether planning on a family in the future, etc.

The treatment for cervical cancer again depends on the above-listed parameters. Accordingly, there could be medical (chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy), radiation & surgery.


Cervical cancer is not uncommon. Above 35 years of age, get a health check done. A Pap smear is ideal to detect if there are any changes in cellular structure. Early treatment gives good results. Altius Hospitals, foremost in women’s care, is the best in Gynecologic Oncology where you can be rest assured that you get the best care.